Children with no middle names

Did you know that there are children with no middle names?

I am of course referring to those conceived and born outside a valid marriage called “illegitimate children.”

By law, illegitimate children are entitled to use only their given name and the surname of their mother as their surname but with no middle name.

They cannot even use the middle name of their mother as their middle name, because this will make them siblings.

But is it still possible for illegitimate children to have a middle name? The answer is of course yes.

And this is when they are legitimated by the subsequent valid marriage of their parents. Or if their father had acknowledged them as his children in accordance with law.

In both cases, they will be entitled to use the surname of their mother as their middle name and the surname of their father as their surname.

References: 

  • Article 164 of the Family Code of the Philippines
  • Article 165 of the Family Code of the Philippines
  • Article 174 (1) of the Family Code of the Philippines
  • Article 176 of the Family Code of the Philippines
  • Section 1 of Republic Act No. 9255 (Amended Article 176 of the Family Code of the Philippines)
  • Administrative Order No. 1, Series of 2016 (Revised Implementing Rules and Regulations of Republic Act No. 9255 [An Act Allowing Illegitimate Children to Use the Surname of Their Father, Amending for the Purpose Article 176 of Executive Order No. 209, Otherwise Known as the “Family Code of the Philippines”])
  • Article 177 of the Family Code of the Philippines
  • Article 178 of the Family Code of the Philippines
  • Section 1 of Republic Act No. 9858 (AN ACT PROVIDING FOR THE LEGITIMATION OF CHILDREN BORN TO PARENTS BELOW MARRYING AGE, AMENDING FOR THE PURPOSE THE FAMILY CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES, AS AMENDED) [Amended Article 177 of the Family Code of the Philippines]
  • In Re: Petition for Change of Name and/or Correction/Cancellation of Entry in Civil Registry of Julian Lin Carulasan Wang, also known as Julian Lin Wang, duly represented by his mother Anna Lisa Wang, vs. Cebu City Civil Registrar, duly represented by the Registrar Oscar B. Molo (G.R. No. 159966, March 30, 2005)
  • In the Matter of the Adoption of Stephanie Nathy Astorga Garcia (G.R. No. 148311, March 31, 2005)
  • Article 189 of the Family Code of the Philippines
  • Articles 364 – 380 of the Civil Code of the Philippines
  • Section 17 Article V of RA 8552
  • Article 189 (3) of the Family Code of the Philippines
  • Section 18 Article V of RA 8552
  • Article 10 of the Civil Code of the Philippines
  • Republic of the Philippines vs. Rosalie Eloisa Bringas Bolante a.k.a. Maria Eloisa Bringas Bolante (G.R. No. 160597, July 20, 2006)
  • Rule 103 of the Rules of Court
  • Republic of the Philippines vs. Trinidad R.A. Capote (G.R. No. 157043, February 2, 2007)
  • Rule 108 of the Rules of Court
  • Article 185 of the Family Code of the Philippines

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