Years ago, we witnessed the impeachment trial of former Chief Justice Renato C. Corona at the Senate sitting as an impeachment court.
By now, I am certain that almost all are aware that his impeachment trial had ended with his conviction.
Because of his conviction, he was removed from office and is now disqualified to hold any office under the Republic of the Philippines.
If later on it turns out that the Senate committed a mistake in convicting former Chief Justice Corona, may the President grant him pardon?
The answer is “no.” Our Constitution is clear in that the power of the President to grant pardon and other acts of clemency may not be exercised in impeachment cases.
[References: Section 19 of Article VII (Executive Department) of the 1987 Constitution and Llamas v. Orbos, G.R. No. 99031, October 15, 1991/Author’s Note: This was first posted on the Internet on August 22, 2014]